Fishing might seem like a very complicated and pricey sport for beginners, that is not the case. Starting with a bit of knowledge about gear or equipment, license, and water type, you can do fishing effortlessly.
The main thing you need to focus on is the hard work you put into fishing as a beginner. If you are not well off with fishing scenarios, then there are minimum chances of catching one.
This article is written to guide you on fishing as a beginner/first time, and we will also provide you knowledge on different areas of fishing.
Fishing Equipment for Beginners:
Fishing is enjoyable when you try it; it is the perfect sport for the relaxation of mind and physical exercise.
To get started with fishing, you basically need some equipment in your toolbox, which needs to be present with you all the time.
This equipment can be improved, upgraded, or changed to enhance the experience furthermore.
But what really matters about fishing is these tools which we will discuss. They are essential to be there with you in case you are a beginner.
Fishing Rods and Reels For Beginners:
Fishing rods for Beginners:
These are the slender or slim poles that are very flexible to handle. Flexibility doesn’t mean that they are not durable.
The durability of these poles is trusted and depends on the material, which is termed into two parts.
Fiberglass ones or the Graphite manufactured ones. These can vary the cast range of the line further into the water body.
Furthermore, these fishing construction materials are classified into responsiveness, the taper, action, which is also called bending capability, and finally, the strength which is also termed as the power.
The right Fishing rod for you depends mainly on the fish species you are aiming for.
- Strength and Responsiveness:
To make things easy for you, if you are a beginner, then the medium strength rod is perfect, which can also handle different fish species.
The medium strength will allow you to have much responsiveness and flexibility to feel the fish bite at the right time.
Effortless reeling of the fish at the proper time is essential, and that is why the responsiveness and feel will allow you to take out the fish from the water at the right time.
Coming towards the length of the fishing rod, there are many sizes available in the market, but the correct one for a beginner like you is 11.8 inches.
It is also called the 30-centimeter heightened rod, being the commonly used rod length for beginners or starters.
Fishing reels for Beginners:
For your fishing reels, these are a small part attached to the fishing reel, heling your rod to effortlessly wind the fishing line and draw in the fish caught.
They are small yet look a lot heavier from the physical appearance, but they are really lightweight to handle and also much affordable.
Being also effortless to handle, the spinning reels are much more versatile and perfect for shore fishing and on the boat or at a pier.
- Spinning reel:
Being a beginner angler, the best recommendation is the spinning reel, commonly used for the anglers of professional status in specific scenarios.
When fishing in the shallow waters, a stick with long length and a fishing line should generally be everything you might ever need to catch the small fish.
However, when you are well known to the fishing equipment, there a lot of budget-friendly tools, like a combo of the spin-cast reel and rod that you can get started with.
Fishing Line For Beginners:
From the above equipment details, you could have figured out that a fishing line is essential in fishing. Purchasing a new reel will probably let you off with a single or double roll of fishing line.
But if you are a beginner, it is highly recommended to bring an extra fishing line with you. It is because of the reason that the fishing line can easily get tangled and break because you could easily let the line get caught in logs or a more substantial fish bite the fishing line, resulting in a break.
There are specially manufactured fishing cords or strings with the fishing line, with factors of strength and weight variations. Many of them are also differentiated based on different factors like visibility, castability, and elasticity.
- Strength and other factors:
They are varied in their respective strength, which ultimately depends on the fish you are fishing for.
The environment which is rough call for the fishing lines that are stronger and heavier.
The clear water body will require a thinner and a clear fishing line, which is stealthy.
- Monofilament Fishing Line:
Our recommendation for the beginner, like you, are the monofilament fishing line that is budget and user friendly and is also much effortless to tie a knot.
The main point to remember is that there should never be more than a hundred yards of the fishing line present on the fishing reel.
- Color of Fishing Lines:
Color is another factor that can help you in fishing, whether above the water body or deeply under it.
For example, the green color fishing line, which is also 300 yards, will be much easier to see above the water body but is much harder to see in the water body.
- Wounding of Fishing Line:
When you are purchasing the fishing reels, it is a higher chance that the fishing line will come tangled around the reel.
But in case it is not tied around it, you can watch videos on YouTube to begin the tie effortlessly.
Fishing Hooks for beginners:
Fishing Line might be necessary for beginners, but Fishing Hooks hold the same importance. Primarily, you will have to stock some hooks to catch the fishing species of different sizes.
The hooks are essential equipment in fishing that is used to catch the fish by merely poking them in the fish mouth. As soon as the bait works its magic and the fish tries to catch the bait, the hook gets tied in the mouth or lips of fish.
There are some cases when the fishing hook is even caught in the body of fishes, so it depends on your hook size and fishing skills.
- Size of Fishing Hook:
Hooks mainly depend on their size or shape. They are termed into double, single, circle, or even treble.
For a beginner like you, the recommended type of hook is a singular hook. The size ranges from 32, which is the smallest to 19/0, which is the largest.
- Uni Knot:
You will need to set the hook with the knot of the fishing line. The knot you need to be familiar with is the uni knot, which is most efficient for the beginners.
Fishing Bait For Beginners:
Bait is somewhat that is attached to the fishing hook. It attracts the fish and lures it into biting the hook.
The best option available as the bait is the live ones. But it mainly depends on the fish species, which are like the live ones compared to the dead ones.
But as a beginner, you don’t know about the fish species and what they like the most. That is why we recommend the most effective ones. The minnows and the worms which are the smaller freshwater species of fish. But compared to them, the other options are available.
Like the smooshed bread, corn, marshmallows, hotdog bites, and even grubs. They are low cost and are commonly available to purchase. Live bait compared to them can be found in the stores, shops, and even you can self find the live baits.
Worms are present underneath the ground, which can be dug from the backyard in the night time. Keeping them alive is the real challenge. As a beginner, you will need to store them in the thin materialistic can with soil and grass.
Afterward, you will have to put them in a reasonable colder condition where the lights are dim until you use them as fishing baits.
Fishing Lures For Beginners:
Lures are also the baits but not the live ones or the dead ones. They are the artificial ones. These lures are designed in a way that they mimic the real fish in to get the attention of the predator.
Anglers or fishermen have lures with them or in their tackle box if they ever run out of live fish baits or the dead ones. Some fishermen prefer the lures instead of the baits because they are made up of plastic and non-moving.
A variety of lures are present, making it effortless for the fishermen to hunt a type of fish species and then afterward allow them to have success in fishing under different water and weather conditions.
For example, there are some lightly colored lures for the clear water and the bright days. There are also some dark-colored ones which are for the murky water and the cloudy days. Duel tones worms made of plastic having both dark and light colors are for the muddy waters.
- Plastic Worms:
Some lures are the plastic made worms that are long-tailed and are also known as best lures for the bass fish.
It mainly depends on the experience. Many anglers keep different colors of the lures and then afterward keep using the same colors again and again.
Fishing Bobbers For Beginners:
Bobbers or commonly regarded as the floaters will aid you and your bait to be kept closer towards the surface and point out when the fish has focused on your bait.
The bobber will sink whenever the fish has a bite on the bait. This is the signal when you have to reel in the catch.
For beginners’ bobbers are essential to be included in the Fishing equipment because they make the process much more comfortable.
- Types of Bobbers:
Bobbers come in different choices and types, just like the baits and the lures. The traditional or the classical ones are like the cork, which comes with a stick that can be tied with the fishing line.
The popular ones are the red rounded ones with white plastic. They are best for beginners because they are easy to cast. On the other hand, there is a limit to their cast based on the fishing line you are using.
There are elongated type slip bobbers, which can be slid down and up the fishing line. They can help your starting skills to have a deeper hook in the water body.
Don’t ever purchase more giant bobber if you are a beginner. Have a floating one that sinks when the fish takes a bite on the bait.
Fishing Sinkers For Beginners:
Every time you cast a line, the sinker is essential. They are vital because they will stabilize the hook and the fishing line as the lightweight hook with the bait sinks deeper into the water body.
They are small and budget-friendly, which can be found in any store. So, keep a lot of them with you on your way to fish fishing experiences.
They are manufactured with lead material. The newer ones are like bismuth, brass, and tungsten or steel, making them friendly to the environment.
- Types of sinkers:
They also depend on their weight and shapes and how much you want the hook to sink into the water.
The best ones for your first experiences are the split shot small sinkers that are rounded and can be clipped comfortably off and on with the fishing line.
Fishing Swivels For Beginners:
There are some baits and lures which can cause your fishing line to spin and then turn until the fishing line is totally twisted on its own. The swivel is actually a type of connecting tool which is between the bait and the fishing line, allowing the latter to move freely and spin.
Twist and spin movement with the swivel won’t affect the fishing line. Actually, the swivel is a type of look on ends. But there is a tiny snap that can effortlessly attach with the lures and the bait, including the fishing line.
It is important to note that the snap can be easily broken, especially when the bigger fish are your prey. The good thing here is that the swivel is very inexpensive so that you can purchase a lot of them on your first fishing trip.
Needle Nose Fishing Pliers For Beginners:
It might sound strange, but for beginner’s needle-nose pliers are most recommended. The fish can easily be caught in the hook, but it is sometimes harsh for the anglers to remove the hook.
For beginners, it is sure that the fish might be ripped while you are taking the hook out of the fish. There is a chance that you might even be hurt during the process, and that is why the needle nose plier is essential.
You can easily remove the fishing hooks from the fish or even your own skin during a fatal accident. The critical thing to note when purchasing the needle plier is that they should be the stainless-steel ones or one with a bit of bend or angle top for easy pulling of the hook.
Fishing Line Cutter:
These are very sturdy and are made to cut the line to set up a brand new one. Any type of cutter will be useful, but the smaller ones are the best ones that are like a small knife or nail cutter.
The smaller ones are favored because they can easily be handled by you in case it is your first trip and can easily be put in the tackle box.
If you are a beginner, then it is not a secret that you will go for fishing in a bright sunny time of day. So, sunglasses are your best friend because they will protect your eyes from the sun flare reflected upon the water surface.
The recommended are the UV Polarized sunglasses that come with lenses allowing you to see the surface underneath in a better way.
Fishing First Aid Kit:
Accidents can happen in fishing, and it is normal—nothing to fear on your first trip. But you must have a first aid kit or box with you on your first trip.
When fishing, you will need a waterproof small first aid kit so that it is not affected by the water on the fishing trip.
Fishing Tackle Box:
Last but not least, you will need a tackle box with you on the trip. The tackle box is made to store the sinkers, lures, hooks, pliers, and small fishing tools. It will keep the things organized while allowing you to have a box that is easy to carry.
There are many shapes and sizes of the tackle box, but it mainly depends on your fishing gear and the fish size you are aiming for. If you are by a shore or bank fishing, then smaller ones are best that can also fit in the bag.
Saltwater Fishing for Beginners:
Where ever you find water, you will find fishermen there. Saltwater fishing is also popular amongst the fishermen due to the species of the fish present; there is the type of equipment used with it.
That is why, for beginners, the saltwater fishing might seem hard, but it is amongst the easiest ones. Below we will guide you in Saltwater fishing for beginners.
The saltwater fishing is divided into two parts;
- Saltwater fishing without a boat.
- Saltwater fishing by boat.
Saltwater Fishing without a Boat:
This is a pleasant way for the fishermen who like fishing without a boat, on land or in the water body. For those few styles are;
- Spear Fishing:
You are required to stand or swim in the water with a spear used in stabbing the fish in spearfishing. This style is preferred for the beginners who want to catch the fish that is slow-moving. The spear can even be stick sharpened to some degree or also blades.
- Surf or Fly Fishing:
In this fishing, you will require a casting rod and the reel while surfing. The position of surf would be standing; that is why it is also termed as the surfcasting or even the beach casting.
Salmon are caught with this type of fishing and also the species like the flounder, red drum, and the striped bass on the coastline of Atlantic. It is also the most popular way of fishing in saltwater.
- Clam Digging:
Beach loving fishermen tend to go after the clam digging the most. Oysters and the Clam are common to find on the beach.
So, who works the hardest tend to find them in high numbers. There are specific tools to dig deeper to find more species.
Saltwater fishing by boat:
The saltwater fishing on a boat comes in several ways depending on whether you are on the sport boat, commercial boat, or a private boat for fishing.
The tools vary according to the conditions too. The primary reel and the rod are always depending on different scenarios as well. For the Sport Fishermen the things are as following;
It is publicly the most famous boat fishing amongst all others. The trolling boat will slowly move at a deficient speed to keep the bait steady.
This also increased the chances of the fish you will see. This can also be done with the conjunction of other fishing strategies. The trolling component is required for trolling fishing.
Bloody fish component for the sake of luring the sharks which are present near the boat. This is chumming!
The fishing style involving the bouncing of baited rods up and down on the jig creates a specific motion for chasing of fish.
In this type, squid and the rockfish are the most popular ones to be caught.
- Trap fishing or simply Pot:
Shrimp, lobster, and crab are caught with this method of fishing on the boat. The baited traps are brought to several other areas and are left there for some time to even some days.
With them, a buoy is attached so that it becomes easy to indicate the catch and then bring it back to the surface.
Salmon and herring are caught with this method. You will require a net that is present to stop the larger fish species from moving further.
In seining, there are commonly two boats, at both ends of the net. The boat will then circle around the fish species and then pull up the net like the purse drawstring.
The standard way of catching traditionally in the pacific northwest gillnetting requires a net which is invisible and is stretched across a water section.
When the salmon starts to run, they are blind to the net and will be caught by the gills. Then the fishermen pull up the net and catch the fish singly.
- Kite Fishing:
In this method, a kite is used on the fishing line to keep the fishing bait close to the surface. This attracts the larger fish like the tuna and the wahoo.
The basis of kite fishing is from China and is popular in boat fishing regarding some countries like New Guinea, New Zealand, and Singapore.
Gear used for Saltwater Fishing:
There is a lot of equipment used in catching the fish, and there are always more items needed for specific purposes.
These tools make fishing more effortless than before. So, when it comes to saltwater fishing, there is some equipment that tends to increase the chances of fish being caught.
It might also make it easier for you to fish as a beginner. The appropriate things for the species or the style of fishing in saltwater are;
- Saltwater Rods and Reels:
Just like the standard fishing rules, when you are off to catch the more massive or bigger fish, you will have to pick the more robust line and rod.
For smaller or lightweight fish, you will require a delicate rod and line. But for surfcasting, you will have to pick an enormous pole.
It is to allow the line to get above the surface of the surf.
- Saltwater Fishing Bait:
It also depends upon the type of fish species you are after. Worms are the most common type of fishing bait you can aim for in terms of saltwater fishing.
- Saltwater Downriggers:
In saltwater, typically, the fishes remain in a deep body of water. So downrigger is essential because it will keep the bait at the depth as moving through the surface of the water.
- Saltwater Pot Pullers:
It is a type of manual or even hydraulic, which can help you in winding the wire or the rope around. It will increase the rate at which line is being pulled or also save it from slipping backward.
Pond Fishing for Beginners:
Pond fishing is a very effortless way to start fishing if you are a beginner. Many people say that there is not much variety in Ponds, but to be honest, there are many varieties of fish found in ponds similar to the rivers or even the lakes.
Ponds are small water bodies owned by people privately or even some open to the public. They are mini lakes, also called the farm ponds, mill ponds or stock tanks, etc.
To get started with Pond fishing, you will only need a bait caster and a rod if you are a beginner. This doesn’t mean that ponds are not challenging or anything like that. They can become a nightmare for some fishermen if not dealt with properly.
But for beginners, they are smaller areas where you don’t need much more of the equipment. The most important fish species you will get in the pond are northern pike, catfish, and bass.
Preparations For Pond Fishing:
Pond fishing does require some preparations, just like saltwater fishing and freshwater fishing. There are some things that are to be used and kept in mind before planning on going for the pond fishing as your first trip.
Firstly, you will need the polarized glasses on a sunny day to keep yourself safe from the harsh reflections of sun rays on the water. Let’s get started with the preparations;
- Finding a pond:
Ponds are surely not that hard to find; for a beginner, you can even see them on a golf course, but bigger ones are not found there. There are even private ponds that can be searched online. They provide some fantastic fish for you to carry. But make sure that the owner of the pond is aware.
The third type of pond is the private hidden areas that can be searched around by traveling. It increases the chances of finding a big fish.
- Reviewing the Topographical Maps:
Typically, people just go off for fishing in the ponds, but when you review the topographical maps before going to a specific pond. It increases the chance of catch and effortless fishing.
You should aim for the knowledge on depths, fish beds, underneath the structure of the targeted pond.
- Extra knowledge:
You Should also aim for the knowledge on fish species and the bait used in catching that species. You should be aware of the everyday things fish feed on in the ponds and what they like the most.
You can simply fish for an insect and then use it to catch fish species that like it the most. There are also some structures like the shelters, logs, stumps, docks, and even rocks in which the fishes hide.
Time for Pond Fishing:
After having the knowledge of fish species, the bait you will use, and the geographical location of the pond. It is time to choose the time which is best for a beginner to go fishing.
A single time is not guaranteed for fishing in the pond and other areas; rather, it depends mainly on the conditions.
- Day time:
So, generally, the early morning or the time of evening is mentioned as the perfect time for net casting. You will have nearly no success rate at the time of the afternoon. The catching rate is also dependent on the season.
- Season time:
The spring season has the best timing of dusk when there are bugs on which the pond fishing feed on.
On the other hand, the summer is also well off. Consideration of hot, cold, deep, or shallow water is taken into account before fishing. At the time of winter, pond fishing is not much favorable to the anglers and especially the beginners.
- Other impacting factors:
Rain, clouds, and wind are major impact creators on the experience of fishing. The days where clouds are formed have higher chances of fishing and also the light rain.
Hard rain on the other side will impede the visibility and will also stir up the mud.
Equipment required in Pond Fishing:
Whenever you are going after a specific fish species, you require appropriate gear to catch that species. But Pond fishing is not like that; it requires equipment that can opt for more than one species.
The basic things you will need while pond fishing is;
- Pond Fishing Rod, Line, and Reels:
When you take a look at the market, there are famous sets like the spinning rods, the flying fishing rods, etc. For beginners, the rod should be versatile and effortless to use while handling should be easy.
So, when you are using the spinning rod, then it is essential that you go with the reel that suites the rod. For ponds, all you will ever need is a spinning reel for freshwater spooled with a ten to six pond of line test.
But when you target the larger fishes like the northern pole, you should go with the spinning reel pike. With that, you need the twenty-pond copolymer fishing line and the monofilament leader with an eighty-pond line test.
- Pond Fishing Bait:
The bait is just like the fishing rod and reel that depends on the type of fish species you are after. But there are certain baits like the wax worms and the nightcrawlers, which are best known for a variety of pond fishes.
To catch the giant catfish, you will need the live chicken liver and the live bluegills. There are also some artificial baits or lures, poppers, floating frogs, and even the baits known as buzz, which are effective topwater baits for most pond fishes.
Rooster Tail Spinners are also available and known as great baits because they work with various speeds to attract the type of fishes.
Techniques to catch the Pond Fishes:
In case you are a beginner, there are certain techniques to catch specific fish species reducing the time of fish catch and also increasing the chance.
- Bass Fish:
The best time to catch the bass fish is from the late spring or early summer. Bass fishes are around the cover, which is in the form of grass beds, stumps, etc. They are also abundant in the shallow water. The bait called spinner or blade is best known to catch the bass bait from the pond’s area.
- Catching Bluegills and Sunfish:
Bluegills are similar to the bass fishes. They are typically around the under-cover places, such as weed beds, which makes them effortless to ambush prey. Sunfish are present in more significant number in a singular place, that is why you can find them easily.
Bluegills are types of fish that are aggressive in the months of summer. That is why artificial lures are efficient for catching bluegills during the springtime. But as compared to them, the crickets and the earthworms are also suitable.
- Catching Catfish:
Bullhead and the channel are close together to the river banks during the low light conditions, but whenever there is warm weather or the bright one leads towards the deeper areas near the drop-offs or currents.
Bait used for catfish is quite complicated because they are in the deeper water bodies. The combination of catfish spinning reels with the slip bobbers is the best one for beginners.
Lake Fishing for Beginners:
Lake fishing is similar to the pond fishing at first glance. So, as a beginner there are a lot of questions like; Kind of hook you should opt for? In Lake, which spot should you start with, and which bait type should you use for specific fish?
Lake fishing is similar to the pond fishing at first glance. So, as a beginner there are a lot of questions like; Kind of hook you should opt for? In Lake, which spot should you start with, and which bait type should you use for specific fish?
So, to get started with lake fishing, you need a boat. Follow the below topics to know about lake fishing as a beginner.
Get yourself a boat:
When lake fishing, the boat is an extra. It will be an advantage when you are stuck on the corner of the shore. Lakes are a type of reservoir with more shorelines and have bad and good spots to find the specific fish species.
Canoe and Fishing Kayak is better than the faster, more robust boats in the case of lake fishing.
In case you don’t have a boat:
But in case you don’t have a boat as a beginner, it doesn’t mean you cannot go for lake fishing. There are plenty of spots around the Lake like the fallen trees, big rocks, and even natural debris, which can be used as a sitting spot.
Lake fishing needs you to be as stealthy as you can be. To have the most focus and appropriate hearing is essential.
Equipment used in Lake Fishing:
- Knowing the Lake Fish:
Lake has a variety of fish around them; that is why knowing the fish before fishing is essential as a beginner. The Internet is the provider of those sources because a single source cannot describe them all.
But, when you opt for specifically a single fish species, you can always consult the local fishermen. Fish habits, the bait used for fishing, and the use of tackle are essential things that need to be understood when lake fishing.
Staying near the bands makes the fish more comfortable to be caught from the shoreline. Lake trout are the most common and most popular fish to be found in the lake water. They are also delicious, that is why people aim for them.
- Choosing the Tackle:
Depending on the type of species you are after, you should select the tackle. When you are after the small ones, then use the small rods with small hooks or light lines of fishing. When going for the bigger ones, then you should opt for larger gear.
But when you want to go versatile, then you should use the medium size of reel and rod combo. It is also essential to make sure that the line, hook, reel, and rod are strong enough to fight against the fish.
- Choosing the Bait:
When you pick a specific type of fish species, you can choose the bait for catching that fish. When you use the minnows will allow you to trap the different or versatile species of lake fishes.
A large number of fishes will feed on minnows, making them entirely ideal for lake fishing. Grubs and worm baits are also good for the lake fishes. They are so good that anglers call them all-rounder bait for fishing.
On the other hand, the grasshoppers and the crickets are well off for the smaller panfishes, but they are not helpful in catching the large species similar to striped bass fish.
Hence, the bait depends mainly on the type of fish species you are going after. For beginner fishermen, a common thing to catch the catfish is using the deal bait, but the flathead is mainly after the panfish.
- Choosing the Fishing Line:
When opting for the fishing line, you should aim for the pond test that the specific lake condition is known to. Going with the lighter one will risk the line’s breaking, but a heavy one will reduce the chances of fish biting the bait.
When you are going for the Fishing line shopping, you should look out for the fish species and then choose the one according to the pond test.
Time to catch Lake Fish:
The lake fish are more active at the time of early morning or even in the late evening when the light is faint or dim. At this time, they are undetected while searching for a meal to prey on.
When it comes to the habits of night and day, fishes are similar to human beings. When it is hot outside, then the fish will go deeper in colder conditions or cold-water bodies.
But when lake fishing, the best is in the early morning or late evening conditions because they are most active in these conditions.
Freshwater fishing for Beginners:
Freshwater is excellent for beginners who are working out on their fishing skills. You can do the freshwater fishing on the boat or even on the shore; it depends on the setup. But firstly, you will need a fishing license.
- Fishing with the boat:
If you are in a fishing boat in an open environment, then you will surely need a life jacket. The children are also required to wear the smaller ones.
Fishing footwear and the wader belt are also crucial for the freshwater boat fishermen. You should also use the smarter fishing hooks; sharper objects should be handled with care. The coast should also be evident before the start of the cast.
Equipment used for Freshwater Fishing:
When freshwater fishing, you should be very picky about the equipment used for fishing. Below the article, you can find the essential information regarding the equipment used for Freshwater Fishing.
- Fishing Rod and Reels:
The right type of reels and rods are essential in freshwater fishing. Common amongst anglers are the baitcasting or spinning rod. You can generally differentiate between the rods depending on the attachment points used on both.
The spinning rod has reel attached to the bottom of the rod, and on the casting rod, it is on top of it. For beginners, it is recommended to use the spinning rod and reel. Ease in casting makes them the best one to be used in freshwater and even the saltwater.
When you get a bit experienced, you should opt for the casting rod and reel, which can make everything more comfortable than before. You will have the backlash effect minimized with experience.
The spinning rod’s length is between nine to five feet length, while for beginners, it is around the six-foot-six inches in length. It is also the most versatile length.
The action of the rod should be medium, which is most effortless to learn from. It bends near to the medial side and is also much more forgiving.
On the power side, you should opt for the medium power, which is the perfect balance between the stiff rod and the balanced one. At the same time, the ration of the rod spinning should be between six to twelve ponds.
The reel should be on a match with the rod. Therefore, the spinning rod should be with the spinning reel; the reel will show the fishing line.
The size of the fishing reel depends mainly on the brand. The size of the reel should be 35, 3500, and 350. In contrast, the gear ratio should be 5:1.
- Fishing Tackle:
Having budget-friendly items in the tackle box while freshwater fishing is all you need. The Fishing line you should opt for is the monofilament fishing line. It is budget-friendly while also being versatile, having more strength for freshwater fishing.
The pond test or weight of the fishing line (monofilament) should be from eight to ten ponds. The bobbers are an essential item that can suspend the lure or the bait at a particular depth. Use the smaller bobber if you are a beginner.
The hook size should be between the seven or the six with a Sharpe barb to catch the fish from its lips.
- Fishing Bait:
When it comes to freshwater fishing, the baits like minnows or the worms are a perfect choice. They are versatile and are also easy to find, making them the best choice for beginner freshwater fishermen.
Use the live ones if you can, which would be the perfect ones; otherwise, you can also go for the green colors power bait or even the rainbow-colored.
Whereas for the lures, you can always opt for the minnow plug or even the spinners, which are inexpensive while also being readily available.
Factors Affecting the Freshwater Fishing:
There are various factors that can affect freshwater fishing, like the environment they live in, the weather, moon, and even the temperature.
In the cold temperature, the pressure falls, and the fish becomes more active than before, but when there is extremely cold temperate, they become lazy. The hot temperature makes the water temperature rise, resulting in more uncomfortable fish in that water condition.
When the temperature reduces, and there is rainy weather, the anglers have increased fishing bites. You can either try your luck in the early summer morning or even in the late afternoon at cloudy fall.
At the time of the early morning, the summer is not that hot. So, more fishes are fading out. Meanwhile, in the fall season, the fish are biting more in the time of the late afternoon.
Bank Fishing for Beginners:
Bank fishing is something that is extremely fun to do and also knowledgeable for beginners. There is not much to know about the bank fishing or shore fishing, but there are certainly some things regarding the reels and rods that can enhance the experience furthermore.
Equipment used for Bank Fishing:
- Fishing Reel:
When choosing the fishing reel for bank fishing, you come across two types of reels: the multipliers and the fixed spool. Multipliers are the hardest to use, and for beginners, they make the whole experience a dream.
That is why the fixed spool will make it easy for the beginners while also increasing the experience. The fixed spool has the features like;
- Best with the lines with lightweight
- Are more forgiving casting errors
- Suitable for feathering, floats, and spinning
- Better off with sandy bottom and night fishing.
- Not better off with the heavy lines
- Cannot bring in the bigger fish
- Are not suitable for distant casting
- Not useful for challenging scenarios
- Fishing Line:
Braided ones are good for many cases while using a monoline is way better for the beginner fishermen. Monofilament fishing lines are also versatile and will enable you to have control over many fish species rather than a single one.
The average weight of the line used by the fishermen is from fifteen ponds to the ten ponds range. But it depends mainly on the reel you are using.
- Fishing Rod:
There are individual rods made for the bank fishing; they are also regarded as the shore rods that come in a size range of fifteen feet to the six feet. It also depends mainly on the needs.
The spinning rods are also regarded as the best ones for beginners when bank fishing. The size of the fishing rod should be from seven to nine feet.
The bend or the action of the rod is also necessary to take care of when bank fishing. But the difference is negligible when float fishing, feathering or even spinning. The standard option in bank fishing is;
- Float fishing
- Fishing in rocks
- Fishing on seabed
- Fishing from beaches
- Fishing from the cliff
- Fishing in rocks
When fishing at the bank side, always have two of everything you have. The bait should also be inside the bucket or box to keep it safe from the seagulls or from the scorching sun.
The size of the hook should be of the appropriate size. Bigger is not always the better one. But the size of the hook depends mainly on the size of the fish you are opting for.
To be honest, the size of the hook should not be too much longer. Longer ones are made for the worms like the rag. For beginners, the circular hook is always the effortless one. They are designed in a way that the fish will take the bait and will be caught in the hook.
These hooks are also easy to take out from the fish either from the lips or from the body.
Time suitable for Bank Fishing:
The time suitable for shore fishing depends mainly on the type of fishing species you are after. The time of dusk and dawn is regarded as the perfect or most suitable time for Bank fishing.
The high tide and the rising ride for the day time are also the best times for most fish species. At the time of full moon or the new moon and the days after with the highest tides will give you the highest chance of fishing.
So, you should opt for bank fishing during those days because they will be most productive. But these are not the case always. There are some fishes, such as the bass fish, which are favorable to the lower tide before the full moon or the new moon.
Experienced fishermen opt for the time of day when the tide is turning or has a lower tide.
Fishing for Beginners Book:
In case you are not familiar with the fishing at all and couldn’t find a proper guide to whole fishing experience as a beginner. Then you need to look at the guide written by T.T. Wanping called Fishing for beginners.
In this book, you will find knowledge on how you can catch more fishes, various types of fishes, the tools and techniques in fishing, different fishing techniques, and even the baits.
It is termed as the ultimate fishing book for beginners. If you don’t find the book on amazon or kindle, then you can easily find other books of the same importance.
The book of similar status is fishing for dummies, fishing basics, course fishing the book for beginners, etc. Surely you can find much more than only these books.
What is actually the most suitable fishing rod for beginner fishermen?
For starters, the spinning rods are termed as the best fishing rods. This is due to their beginner-friendly design allowing for longer casts with lighter lures. It is also budget-friendly, having the open shaped reel with a bail that can be flipped down or up.
Which fishing line weight is suitable?
The weight of the fishing line should be on a match with the fish species you are after. For example, the 30-pond tested fishing line should be for the fish having a 30-pond range. The line for the cast of trout should be the 4-pond tested line. Consider that the braided line with the thirty-pond tested fishing line is for the larger fishes.
Which size of the fishing rod is suitable?
The shorter rods with six feet or led length is perfect for the short and accurate casts. When you don’t need accuracy, the longer rods with 7 feet or more distance is the best way to go. Dirty water or dirty water with heavy cover is best for short-ranged accuracy. Here the short-ranged fishing rod will be best.